News

A key issue in chemical kinetics is advancing the theoretical framework to handle reactions beyond the domain of textbook transition state theory by including – for example – anharmonicity, barrierless transition states, transition states in series, and the effect of conformational flexibility on equilibrium constants. Other key issues are validating affordable electronic structure methods for direct dynamics and the direct calculation of high-pressure limiting rate constants, which are often obtainable experimentally only by extrapolation. We have addressed all these issues in a study of the prototype radical–molecule barrierless association reaction Cl + C2H2, and this work  demonstrates the ability of recent advances in theoretical methods, when combined, to provide rate constants even for a difficult class of reactions in cases where experimental data are uncertain or missing.

“Association of Cl with C2H2 by Unified Variable-Reaction-Coordinate and Reaction-Path Variational Transition State Theory,” L. Zhang, D. G. Truhlar, and S. Sun, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S.A. 117, 5610-5616 (2020). doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1920018117

Barrierless Association Reactions with Transition States in Series are Treated by Combining VRC-VTST and RP-VTST

March 2, 2020

Yinan ShuYinan Shu, Ph.D., a post-doctoral associate working with Regents Professor Donald Truhlar, has received the American Chemical Society Division of Physical Chemistry's 2020 Young Investigator Award. He was one of four researchers selected to receive this award and will present his research at a future PHYS symposium. 

Yinan earned his bachelor's degrees in chemistry and biological science from Wuhan University in China, and his doctorate from Michigan State University. His thesis focused on, "Understanding Non-Radiative Recombination Processes of the Optoelectronic Materials from First Principles." His research work with Professor Truhlar focuses on understanding complex behaviors of molecules and materials upon excitations and employ machine learning to solve theoretical chemistry problems. 

This news article was written by Eileen Harvala for the Department of Chemistry News.

April 16 2020

In collaboration with Leticia González and Sebastian Mai, we have implemented coherent switching with decay of mixing (CSDM) into the SHARC program. CSDM is a semiclassical nonadiabatic dynamics algorithm that incorporates advantages from both surface hopping and the semiclassical Ehrenfest method, and it allows a more accurate treatment than other semiclassical methods of the competition between coherence and decoherence. One can obtain our current modified SHARC program from our group software page: https://comp.chem.umn.edu/sharc-mn/. Now CSDM is can be used to study both internal conversion and intersystem crossing processes by using the SHARC approach, and it is easier to interface with electronic structure programs for direct dynamics.

“Implementation of Coherent Switching with Decay of Mixing into the SHARC Program” Y. Shu, L. Zhang, Z. S. Mai, S. Sun, L. González and D. G. Truhlar, Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation 16, 3464 (2020). doi.org/10.1021/acs.jctc.0c00112

Coherent Switching with Decay of Mixing (CSDM) is Now in SHARC and SHARC-MN

April 6, 2020

We are pleased to congratulate two group alumni on new positions that they will assume starting in academic year 2020-2021.  Junwei Lucas Bao, who was a graduate student in our group from 2014 to 2018 and who is now a postdoctoral associate with Emily Carter at Princeton, has accepted a position as assistant professor in the Department of Chemistry at Boston College in Chestnut Hill, MA. Dr. Sijia Dong, who was a postdoctoral associate in our group  from 2017 to 2019 and who is now a postdoctoral associate in the group of Guilia Galli at the University of Chicago, has accepted an assistant professor position in the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology at Northeastern University in Boston, MA. We wish them both well, and we are confident they will excel in their new positions!

Junwei Lucas Bao

Junwei Lucas Bao

 

Sijia Dong

Sijia Dong

 

March 24, 2020

The Journal of Chemical theory and Computation has published a virtual issue honoring the work of the Truhlar group and collaborators:

https://pubs.acs.org/page/jctcce/vi/truhlar.html

The coauthors honored in this virtual issue are Ahren Jasper, Alek Marenich, Andy Luo, Antonio Fernández-Ramos, Becky Carlson, Ben Janesko, Bo Wang, Chao Zhu, Chris Cramer, Dongxia Ma, Erin (Dahlke) Speetzen, Ewa Papajak, Giovanni Li Manni, Giovanni Scalmani, Hannah Leverentz, Haoyu Yu, Jeppe Olsen, Jingjing Zheng, John Alecu, Kaining Duanmu, Ke Yang, Laura Gagliardi, Lucas Bao, Mike Frisch, Pragya Verma, Rubén Meana-Pañeda, Samuel Odoh, Shaohong L. Li, Steve Jerome, Xiao He, Xuefei Xu, Yan Zhao, and Ying Wang.

February 6, 2020

We found that commonly used semiclassical nonadiabatic dynamics, namely trajectory surface hopping, semiclassical Ehrenfest, and coherent switching with decay of mixing (CSDM) fail to conserve nuclear angular momenta in direct dynamics. The failure is caused by the direct use of the space-frame (SF) for the nonadiabatic coupling vector (NAC) in standard electronic structure software. We showed how to eliminate the problem by using a projected NAC, in which translational and rotational parts are removed. The plots illustrate how   projection reduces the problem by four orders of magnitude. 

“Conservation of Angular Momentum in Direct Nonadiabatic Dynamics” Y. Shu, L. Zhang, Z. Varga, K. A. Parker, S. Kanchanakungwankul, S. Sun, and D. G. Truhlar, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 11, 1135 (2020). doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.9b03749

Conservation of Angular Momentum Requires a Projected NAC in Surface Hopping and CSDM Dynamics

January 20, 2020

Our group recently welcomed postdoctoral associate Dihua Wu and visiting student Shuhong Li to the group.  The montage photo that accompanies this news item shows all the Nankai University members and past members of the group. At the upper left is Professor Ruifang Li of Nankai University, who first entered Nankai in 1999 and who was the first Nankai University participant in the Truhlar group, starting in 2009. At the upper right is Benchen (Kevin) Huang, now a graduate student at the University of Chicago, who entered Nankai in 2015 and was in our group as a visiting student in 2018-2019. In front of the bookcase are current group members, Dihua Wu (first left, entered Nankai in 2008), Jiaxin Ning (second left, entered Nankai in 2014, now a graduate student in the group), Don Truhlar (middle), Shuhang Li (second right, entered Nankai in 2016), and Jie Bao (first right, entered Nankai in 2010, now a graduate student in the group).

Nankai Alumni

 

September 11, 2019

The Royal Society of Chemistry has informed us that three papers from our group are all in the top 5% of highly cited papers in their General chemistry portfolio of journals. The successful articles are as follows:

 

Article

Times cited in 2018

1

doi.org/10.1039/C6SC00705h 

“MN15: A Kohn-Sham Global-Hybrid Exchange-Correlation Density Functional with Broad Accuracy for Multi-Reference and Single-Reference Systems and Noncovalent Interactions,” H. S. Yu, X. He, S. L. Li, and D. G. Truhlar, Chemical Science 7, 5032-5051 (2016).

                    

59

  2

doi.org/10.1039/C7CS00602K

“Variational Transition State Theory: Theoretical Framework and Recent Developments,” J. L. Bao and D. G. Truhlar, Chemical Society Reviews 46, 7548-7596 (2017).

 

23

3

doi.org/10.1039/C6SC05036K

“Generalized-Active-Space Pair-Density Functional Theory: An Efficient Method to Study Large, Strongly Correlated, Conjugated Systems,” S. Ghosh, C. J. Cramer, D. G. Truhlar, L. Gagliardi, Chemical Science 8, 2741-2750 (2017).

                    

14

 

July 31, 2019

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